Diagnosing MS can be a complex process. There is no one test that shows whether someone has MS or not, so a neurologist will use a combination of tests and a clinical history.
There are a wide range of symptoms associated with MS, including visual problems, fatigue, cognitive changes, physical weakness, movement problems, altered sensation and pain.
MS is thought to be an autoimmune disease which causes damage to myelin – a protective sheath surrounding nerve fibres of the central nervous system. It is likely to be triggered by a mix of factors.
There are treatments available to slow down the disease process and to improve MS symptoms. Managing MS through rehabilitation and other therapies is also important.
Find out about the four main types of MS, each of which has different characteristics and disease course over time. Also read about less common types such as benign MS and childhood MS.
Read about how MS can sometimes affect your work, relationships, home and family life and how to minimise the impact it has on you and your loved ones.
© Multiple Sclerosis International Federation
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